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Acute Liver Disease

Acute liver disease is a term used for the set of conditions that can lead to the sudden impairment of liver function. Unlike chronic liver disease (CLD), which develops slowly over time, people with acute liver disease can experience liver function that declines in only a few days or weeks. Acute liver disease is often a condition that leads to a liver transplant.

Comprehensive Liver Disease & Transplant Center at Tampa General Hospital’s Transplant Institute treats patients with acute liver disease. Our team of hepatology specialists offer world-class, multidisciplinary care, ensuring patients receive treatments best suited to their needs.

What Conditions Can Cause Acute Liver Disease?

Acute liver disease is often associated with:

What are the Symptoms of Acute Liver Disease?

The symptoms of acute liver disease can vary, but typically include:

  • Discomfort on the right side, just under the ribs

  • Loss of appetite

  • Extreme tiredness

  • Nausea

  • Diarrhea

  • Confusion

  • Bleeding and bruising easily

How is Acute Liver Disease Diagnosed?

Acute liver disease and the resulting liver failure are serious conditions requiring immediate medical attention. To diagnose the condition, a physician will typically have a patient:

  • Undergo a physical exam

  • Discuss their medical history

  • Discuss any history of drug and alcohol use

  • Take blood tests

  • Undergo liver function tests

How is Acute Liver Disease Treated at TGH?

In some cases, acute liver disease can be treated with medications and other forms of medical management. For example, if viral hepatitis is the root cause of acute liver disease, certain medications or steroids can be effective treatments.

If nonsurgical treatment does not improve liver function, a liver transplant may be necessary.

At The Center for Advanced Liver Disease and Transplant, patients who are eligible for a liver transplant enter our Liver Transplant Program. Our program boasts above-average survival rates and shorter-than-average time to transplant, according to Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients data.

Become a Patient

To become a patient in our Liver Transplant Program, you, your physician, or another hospital must fill out a referral form or call 813-844-8686. To speak to a transplant coordinator, call 813-844-7137.

Click here to learn more about our liver transplant process.