Treatments for Kidney Diseases & Disorders
Before treatment for kidney diseases and disorders can begin, a proper diagnosis is required. Diagnostic methods generally involve determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR), performing ultrasounds, CT scans or biopsies, and running tests that check urine for albumin (a protein) and blood for creatinine (a metabolic waste product).
The treatments the nephrology team at Tampa General Hospital recommends will depend on the results of these tests and a patient’s overall health, the severity of their condition, and other factors. We tailor our treatment plans to individual patients, ensuring that they receive targeted care that will reduce symptoms and improve their quality of life.
Some of the common treatments include:
Changes to Lifestyle & Diet
Any damage to the kidneys cannot be reversed, but in some cases it is possible to make lifestyle changes that could help prevent the condition from worsening, especially when caught early. Patients may be asked to:
- Maintain a healthy weight and blood pressure
- Exercise regularly
- Stop smoking or using tobacco
- Eat a low-salt, low-fat diet
Drugs and medications may be prescribed to:
- Reduce blood pressure
- Target blood cholesterol levels
- Increase production of blood cells to combat anemia (iron deficiency)
- Relieve edema (swelling)
- Prevent bone weakening
When kidneys fail to function properly, they can no longer filter and rid the blood of toxins and metabolic wastes as normal. As a result, a patient with kidney failure may require dialysis treatment.
There are two different types of dialysis:
- Hemodialysis – Blood is filtered through a dialysis machine, or artificial kidney via a surgically created access point, typically in the arm.
- Peritoneal dialysis – An access point is surgically created in the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen, and a cleansing fluid flushes wastes products out of the abdominal lining, which acts as a filter for the blood.
A nephrectomy is the removal of some or all of a kidney. A partial nephrectomy involves removal of diseased kidney tissue only, sparing functional, healthy tissue. A radical nephrectomy is the removal of the entire kidney and sometimes related structures, such as the ureter tube or adrenal gland.
Kidney and/or Pancreas Transplant
Our Multidisciplinary Approach to Care
At TGH, our patients are our priority and we proudly provide world-class care via a multidisciplinary approach to medicine. We’ve cultivated a team of nephrologists, endocrinologists, surgeons, dieticians and other specialists who bring years of experience and steadfast dedication to patient care.