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Gestational Diabetes Information

Gestational diabetes develops in women during pregnancy, and, like other types of diabetes, prevents the body from properly metabolizing glucose (sugar). There is no cure for this condition, however, it is treatable, and blood sugar typically returns to normal after birth. Women with this type of diabetes who manage their condition properly will deliver healthy babies and will not experience long-term health problems. However, improper management can lead to serious complications, including:

  • Complications affecting the mother
    • A women with this condition is at an increased risk of high blood pressure, which, in turn, can cause preeclampsia.
    • A woman who develops gestational diabetes is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes at some point in their life.
  • Complications affecting the child
    • A child may develop hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) due to his or her own insulin levels being high after birth.
    • A child is more likely to become obese and develop type 2 diabetes if the mother has gestational diabetes.
    • Excessive glucose in the mother’s bloodstream may result in an overproduction of insulin in the child, which can cause high birth weights.
    • Untreated gestational diabetes may also result in preterm birth and the child developing respiratory distress syndrome.

By providing individualized care from a multispecialty team, Tampa General Hospital physicians help women with gestational diabetes and other forms of diabetes avoid health complications for themselves and their children. This commitment to providing patients with the highest standard of care is recognized by U.S. News & World Report as one of the nation's best hospitals and highest ranked in Florida for Diabetes & Endocrinology in 2021-2022. Click here to find a physician who can treat gestational diabetes.