Chromopertubation is the instillation of dye through the fallopian tubes during a laparoscopy.
Gynecological laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows doctors to view the pelvic and abdominal cavities. Chromopertubation is usually done during a laparoscopy to visualize the fallopian tubes in order to see if they are patent (open) or if there are any blockages.
Why Is Chromopertubation Performed?Chromopertubation is usually performed as part of an infertility evaluation if someone is experiencing difficulties getting pregnant. If the dye used during a chromopertubation does not come out, that means there is a blockage in the fallopian tube. With a blockage, eggs cannot pass from the ovaries to the uterus, cannot be reached by sperm, and therefore cannot result in pregnancy. If both fallopian tubes are blocked in this way, infertility can be diagnosed.
Procedure DetailsDuring a laparoscopy, a small incision is made in the abdomen, typically just under the belly button, and a camera-equipped surgical device (catheter) is inserted. Chromopertubation can then be performed, as a dye is injected through the catheter into the uterus. Doctors then observe the fallopian tubes with the laparoscope camera to see if the dye comes out of the other end of the tube. If the dye does come out, it means there is no blockage, but if the dye does not come out, it suggests that there is some kind of blockage.
What to Expect
Chromopertubation is typically performed as part of a laparoscopy and therefore presents some risks, including:
- Blood loss
- Injury to other organs in the abdomen
- Nerve damage
- Allergic reaction to the anesthesia
- Blood clots
Laparoscopy paired with chromopertubation provides surgeons with an accurate way to look at the fallopian tubes and diagnose blockages. If a blockage is found during a chromopertubation procedure, doctors can determine the next steps for treating it. Tampa General Hospital offers a wide range of diagnostic testing and fertility services, and our highly trained and compassionate fertility doctors and specialists will determine which fertility tests and procedures are best for you.