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General Information on Colorectal Disorders

Colorectal disorders are characterized by diseases in the areas of the colon and rectum. The colon, or large intestine, is part of the gastrointestinal tract which aids in the processing of food byproducts into solid waste. The rectum is the final segment of the colon. Common colorectal conditions include:

  • Colorectal cancer – Cancerous cells in the large intestine/colon, usually beginning with polyps
  • Colorectal polyps – Lumps of cells located on the colon, rectum, or both, which could develop into colorectal cancer
  • Chronic constipation – Change in frequency or unusual difficulty in passing stools
  • Diverticular disease – Small sacs in the colon wall, classified into three different types: diverticulosis, diverticular bleeding, and diverticulitis
  • Ulcerative colitis – Inflammation of the bowel that could lead to ulcers/sores in the colon

It is worth noting that many of these colorectal disorders share overlapping symptoms, such as rectal bleeding, bloody stools, abnormal bowel movement patterns, abdominal pain or cramps, fatigue, and weight loss. The overlap of symptoms for colorectal disorders makes accurate diagnosis especially important for effective treatment. Early detection leads to better odds of successful recovery, making colonoscopies a valuable screening tool. Tampa General Hospital provides screening, diagnostic, and treatment measures for individuals with colorectal disorders. Tampa General Hospital is recognized by U.S. News & World Report as one of the nation's best hospitals and highest ranked in Florida for Gastroenterology & GI Surgery.

Surgical treatment of colorectal disorders

TGH provides surgical treatment for the following conditions:

  • Abscess and fistulas
  • Anal cancer
  • Anal fissure
  • Anal pain
  • Anal skin tags
  • Anal stenosis
  • Anal warts
  • Bowel incontinence
  • Colon and rectal cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Diverticular disease
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Pilonidal disease
  • Polyps of the colon and rectum
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Rectocele
  • Ulcerative colitis

    Click here to download the guide for preparing for your colorectal surgery.