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Information About Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis is a general term that refers to the inflammation of the thyroid, which is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the front base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. This gland produces a variety of hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones, which control the body’s metabolism.

Common types of thyroiditis include:

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis – Also known as Hashimoto’s disease, this autoimmune disease is a disorder in which the immune system attacks the thyroid. This condition affects about seven times as many women as it does men and also runs in families with other types of thyroid disorders or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include unexplained weight gain, fatigue, paleness or puffiness of the face, joint and muscle pain, constipation, depression, and slowed rate heart.
  • Postpartum thyroiditis – This condition is uncommon and is characterized when a normal-functioning thyroid gland becomes inflamed within the first year after childbirth. This condition can be difficult to recognize because symptoms are typically attributed to postpartum mood disorders or the stress of having a newborn, as symptoms include anxiety, irritability, rapid heartbeat or palpitations, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and insomnia. For most women who develop this condition, it will naturally resolve itself and the thyroid will return to normal after approximately 12 to 18 months.
  • Subacute thyroiditis – This condition is the leading cause of pain in the thyroid and is fairly uncommon. Symptoms typically include fever and tenderness of the thyroid.

At Tampa General Hospital, our endocrinologists in the TGH Thyroid Cancer & Parathyroid Institute treat all types of thyroid disorders, including all forms of thyroiditis. U.S. News & World Report has ranked TGH among America's Best Hospitals for Diabetes & Endocrinology.