Common Types of Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders are characterized by any dysfunction of the thyroid, which is the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck where the collarbones meet. The thyroid produces several different hormones, which collectively are referred to as thyroid hormones. This gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in the body, including your heart rate and metabolism. Therefore, thyroid disorders can cause myriad of problems.

Some of the most common thyroid disorders include:

  • Hyperthyroidism – A condition classified by the overproduction of thyroid hormones. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include unexplained weight loss, rapid heart rate, and feeling anxious, nervous, and/or moody.
  • Hypothyroidism – A condition classified by the underproduction of thyroid hormones. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain, fatigue, mood swings, and lethargy.
  • Thyroiditis – A condition classified by the inflammation of the thyroid. Initially, this condition causes hyperthyroidism and over time, it causes hypothyroidism. Thyroiditis is usually caused by a viral infection or autoimmune disease and is common in older adults.
  • Thyroid cancer – A disease that begins when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland. This is a rare type of cancer and typically has a favorable outcome rate.
  • Thyroid nodules – A lump, which can be either solid or fluid-filled, in the thyroid. The majority of thyroid nodules do not cause any symptoms and do not require any treatment.
  • Goiter – The abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. This condition is common, and if the goiter is small it does not require treatment.

Tampa General Hospital treats all types of thyroid disorders. Our staff, which includes physicians, cancer specialists, nurses, and other medical professionals, provides personalized care and treatment plans to each of our patients. Moreover, when addressing all types of thyroid disorders, we utilize the latest and most effective treatment options to help produce the best outcomes for all of our patients.