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Structural Heart Disease Treatment Procedures

Procedures used to treat structural heart disease include both surgical and catheter-based interventions. These procedures can be utilized to repair a valve, close a hole in the heart wall, or repair another defect in the heart’s structure. Traditionally, open heart surgery has been primarily used to treat structural abnormalities of the heart. For some patients, however, certain procedures using catheters may be recommended as a less-invasive option. These catheter-based procedures are options for patients who are unable to undergo open heart surgery, including people with several comorbidities.

To schedule an appointment with the Heart and Vascular Institute, call 813-844-3900 or email

At Tampa General Hospital, our physicians perform the following procedures to treat structural heart disorders:

  • Atrial septal defect (ASD) closure – surgery or heart catheterization to close a hole in the wall between the two upper heart chambers
  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure – surgery or a catheter procedure to close the natural opening in the wall between the top two heart chambers that normally closes during infancy   
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure – surgery, a catheter procedure, or a hybrid of the two can be used to close a hole in the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart
  • Valve repair or replacement – surgery or heart catheterization to repair or replace a stiff or leaky heart valve with an artificial valve
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) – catheter procedure to “replace” a dysfunctional aortic valve without removing it by inserting an artificial valve into place  
  • MitraClip® placement – catheter procedure to insert a clip into a leaking mitral valve, helping it close more tightly to reduce the backward flow of blood
  • Mitral balloon valvuloplasty – A balloon catheter is advanced from the leg vein into the heart and placed across the narrowed valve. Inflation of the balloon results in the expansion of the opening and an improvement in the symptoms.

At the Tampa General Hospital Heart and Vascular Institute, a team of leading surgeons, echocardiographers, interventional cardiologists, anesthesiologists, and other cardiovascular medical professionals work together to perform these procedures on patients with structural heart disease and create a comprehensive treatment and after-care plan for each patient.