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Heart Failure Treatment Options

A heart failure treatment plan can vary greatly depending on the type and severity of heart failure that a patient is experiencing. Heart failure occurs when one or both sides of the heart lose the ability to properly send oxygenated blood through the body and is usually caused by other heart conditions, such as heart attacks, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. Symptoms may include dizziness, nausea, loss of breath, chronic coughing, and an increased heart rate. Patients who experience heart failure symptoms, particularly edema, or swelling due to fluid buildup, which is a sign of congestive heart failure, should seek prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Heart failure accredited sealCommon heart failure treatment options include the following:

  • Lifestyle changes, such as stopping smoking, following a safe but effective exercise regimen, lowering cholesterol intake, and watching alcohol intake
  • Medications, such as beta blockers, blood vessel dilators, heart pump medication, and diuretics
  • Surgical procedures, such as bypass surgery, heart valve surgery, the insertion of a ventricular assist device (VAD), or a heart transplant

To schedule an appointment with the Heart and Vascular Institute, call 813-844-3900 or email

Tampa General Hospital’s Heart and Vascular Institute provides comprehensive treatment for patients whose heart no longer functions adequately. In 2017, TGH received full heart failure accreditation from the American College of Cardiology Accreditation Service because of the level of treatment provided to patients experiencing heart failure. TGH is the only hospital in Hillsborough County, and one of only 12 in the state of Florida, to receive this distinction.