The specific causes of cardiomyopathy are largely unknown, although researchers have identified several factors that may play a role in the development of this condition. These factors include:
- A history of heart conditions
- Long-term high blood pressure
- Metabolic disorders like thyroid disease, diabetes, and obesity
- A diet deficient in important vitamins, particularly vitamin B1 (thiamin)
- Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Excessive alcohol consumption over several years
- Bacterial or viral infections that have weakened the heart
- Use of drugs such as cocaine, anabolic steroids, and amphetamines
- Complications from pregnancy
While some cases of cardiomyopathy are acquired, others are inherited. It is important to consult with a physician if you have a family history of heart disorders or have experienced symptoms associated with cardiomyopathy, including breathlessness, chest pain, and unexplained swelling in the stomach, legs, and/or feet. It is also important to note that cardiomyopathy can affect anyone at any age, including children and young adults.
No matter what causes a patient’s cardiomyopathy, Tampa General Hospital’s cardiac health specialists provide exceptional care that is tailored to each diagnosis. TGH has received disease-specific certification for heart failure and advanced certification for ventricular assist device services from The Joint Commission.
Additionally, Tampa General Hospital has proudly been named one of America's Best Hospitals for Cardiology & Heart Surgery and Best Hospital in Florida for Cardiology & Heart Surgery by U.S. News & World Report for 2020-2021.
To consult with a cardiologist regarding cardiomyopathy causes, symptoms, and treatment options, use Tampa General Hospital’s online PhysicianFinder.