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Heart Valve Surgery & Other Treatment Options at Tampa General Hospital

Male physician showing a document to a female patientHeart valve surgery is often the best option for treating heart valves that aren’t functioning correctly (also known as structural heart disease). While often hereditary, cardiac valve defects can also be caused by wear and tear on the heart or can be the result of a disease. Though there are four valves in the heart that open and close when the heart pumps to regulate blood flow, most valve repairs and replacements involve the mitral and aortic valves, which are located on the left side of the heart.

There are several different types of heart valve surgery that the team at the Tampa General Hospital Cardiovascular Center performs, including minimally invasive catheter-based interventions and open heart procedures. These include:

  • Valve repair or replacement – A damaged heart valve is either repaired or replaced with a prosthetic valve.
  • MitraClip® placement – A better option for some patients than valve replacement, this procedure involves the insertion of a specialized clip which helps the mitral valve to close more tightly.
  • Atrial septal defect (ASD) closure – This type of heart valve surgery closes a hole that has developed in the wall separating the two upper chambers of the heart.
  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure – The foramen ovale is a natural hole in the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart that normally closes at birth. It may require surgical repair when it doesn’t close naturally.
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure – A VSD is a hole in the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart, which may require surgery if it is too large.
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) – This minimally invasive procedure involves the insertion of a replacement valve without the removal of the damaged valve.

TGH has been ranked as a High Performing Hospital for Cardiology & Heart Surgery by U.S. News & World Report for 2018-2019. Our team of medical professionals uses the most advanced techniques to repair or replace heart valves that aren’t functioning correctly. In addition to traditional heart valve surgery options, we perform complex procedures to treat high-risk patients. Click here to find a Tampa General Hospital physician using Physician Finder or call 1-800-822-DOCS (3627).