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The Symptoms of Structural Heart Disease

Smiling male patient

The symptoms of structural heart disease will depend on the type of condition an individual has. Structural heart disease can be congenital, or present at birth, but issues with the valves, chambers, and structure of the heart can also develop later in life due to wear and tear on the heart, an infection, or another disease. The different types of structural heart disease include:

  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO)
  • Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic regurgitation
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral regurgitation

These various types of structural heart disease can cause a wide range of symptoms, such as:

  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA), or a mini-stroke
  • Heart palpitations, or an irregular heart beat
  • Chest pain or tightening
  • Migraines
  • Stroke
  • Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing
  • Kidney dysfunction
  • Fatigue 
  • Fainting

When considering underlying causes of structural heart disease and how to treat it, physicians at Tampa General Hospital can perform surgery or less-invasive catheter-based interventions. Some common procedures performed at TGH include VSD closure, PFO closure, ASD closure, surgical valve repair and replacement, and minimally invasive techniques such as MitraClip® and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Medicines and other non-surgical therapies may be recommended in lieu of or in addition to surgery for certain patients.                      

The team at the Tampa General Hospital Cardiovascular Center consists of surgeons, interventional cardiologists, echocardiographers, and anesthesiologists who work together and use advanced techniques to treat the resulting symptoms of structural heart disease by repairing structural elements of the heart. Our team also works with each patient individually to determine the best treatment options and provide the best care after they undergo a procedure.

Click here to visit Physician Finder and select a Tampa General Hospital physician, or call 1-800-822-DOCS (3627).