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Causes of Chronic Total Occlusion

Man smilingChronic total occlusion (CTO) is a type of heart disease characterized by the complete or almost complete blockage of a coronary artery. The buildup of plaque on the artery walls causes chronic total occlusion. There are several genetic and lifestyle factors that may contribute to developing this condition. For example, people who have the following conditions are generally at an increased risk of developing coronary artery CTO:

  • Known coronary artery disease
  • Past history of a heart attack
  • High cholesterol
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure

Furthermore, the following lifestyle choices can also increase the risk of developing CTO:

  • Being overweight
  • Following a diet that is low in fiber and high in fat
  • Smoking or daily exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Being inactive

At Tampa General Hospital’s Cardiovascular Center, we provide wide-ranging and personalized care to people with all types of heart disease, including chronic total occlusion, and take the causes of the conditions into account when creating treatment plans and recommending chronic total occlusion procedure options.

TGH’s outstanding cardiac care has received national recognition and awards. Every year since 2008, we have been named one of America’s Best Hospital’s for Cardiology & Heart Surgery by U.S. News & World Report. TGH also earned Chest Pain (with Primary PCI) accreditation by the American College of Cardiology because our on-call team of cardiac catheterization lab staff and interventional cardiologists arrive at our facility within 30 minutes of STEMI activation for a patient. Thus, we deliver quick treatment and improved outcomes.

To find a Tampa General Hospital heart disease specialist, visit Physician Finder or call 1-800-822-DOCS (3627).