Renal Arterial Disease Treatment

If you have been diagnosed with renal arterial disease, there are treatment options available that can help stop its progression. The goal of any treatment plan for this condition – also referred to as renal artery stenosis – is to restore normal blood flow to the kidneys to avoid tissue damage or kidney failure.

First, it’s important to know the causes and risk factors associated with renal artery stenosis. Defined as a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to one or both kidneys, renal artery stenosis is almost always caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries (atherosclerosis). As the plaque buildup causes the arteries to narrow, blood flow to the kidneys is restricted and symptoms can appear. Common symptoms include high blood pressure and water retention, and when left untreated, it could lead to kidney failure or even congenital heart failure.

Once a diagnosis of renal artery stenosis has been made by a physician, your treatment options will include:

  • Healthy lifestyle changes to help lower cholesterol
  • Medications to help lower your blood pressure
  • Surgery that could entail the removal of the plaque from the artery, the insertion of a stent to open the artery to allow for better blood flow, or the grafting of a new artery to improve blood flow

Some of the factors that could put you at risk for renal artery stenosis include old age, smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and a family history of heart disease.

Tampa General Hospital’s Cardiovascular Center features 47 pre- and post-procedure rooms located in more than 77,000 square feet of dedicated space for patients with heart and vascular conditions. Our experienced staff of specialists provides state-of-the-art treatment for renal arterial disease and many other cardiovascular conditions.