Angina Treatment Can Include Medications, Lifestyle Adjustments, and Surgery
Angina treatment often includes one or more therapies, depending on the specific cause of the patient’s chest pain. Most patients with stable angina benefit from a daily treatment plan that includes a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and activity modifications. Fast-acting medications are also available to help control symptoms during episodes.
Surgery is another potential treatment for stable angina. If the patient’s symptoms do not respond to non-surgical treatments, become progressively worse with time, or stop following a predictable pattern, or the patient is considered at high risk for a heart attack or stroke, one of the following procedures might be recommended:
- Bypass surgery to reroute the flow of blood around a clogged artery
- Angioplasty to open a blocked artery and restore normal blood flow
- Stent placement, or the insertion of a small mesh tube, to keep the artery open after an angioplasty
Unstable angina, which can be the result of a more urgent issue such as a heart attack or stroke, may require emergency intervention to open clogged arteries and restore blood flow to the heart. However, before beginning treatment for unstable angina, a physician will often admit the patient to the hospital and perform several tests to determine the cause of the pain. Supplemental oxygen and various medications can be provided to help stabilize a patient while his or her treatment team decides on additional therapies. Cardiac rehabilitation is often a part of a long-term recovery plan.
At Tampa General Hospital, we take a comprehensive approach to angina treatment, combining short-term options for symptom control with long-term options to treat patients’ underlying heart conditions. We also offer critical care interventions for patients who are experiencing chest pain as the result of a major cardiac event, such as a heart attack or stroke. For a referral to a cardiologist, use our PhysicianFinder.