Types of Pituitary Disorders
Pituitary disorders adversely affect the pituitary gland and cause serious hormonal issues. Known as the master gland located in the brain, the pea-shaped pituitary gland produces important hormones that regulate the growth and function of other glands in the endocrine system.
Pituitary disorders are often caused by the growth of an adenoma - a benign tumor - on the pituitary gland or by traumatic brain damage. When these conditions disrupt the pituitary gland, it usually produces too much or too little of one or more of its hormones. Pituitary disorders that cause abnormal hormone levels include:
- Acromegaly – A condition in which the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone, causing the abnormal growth of hands, feet, and the face
- Growth hormone deficiency – A condition in which the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone, causing stunted growth and altered body composition
- Cushing’s disease – A condition in which the pituitary gland produces too much adrenocorticotropic hormone
- Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) – A condition in which the pituitary gland releases too much antidiuretic hormone, causing water retention in the body
- Sheehan’s syndrome – A condition in which the pituitary gland becomes damaged from blood loss during childbirth and no longer produces enough hormones
- Hypopituitarism – A condition in which the pituitary gland does not produce any or enough of one or more of its hormones
At Tampa General Hospital, we utilize cutting-edge technology for the care and treatment of all types of pituitary disorders. In 2020-2021, U.S. News & World Report ranked TGH as one of America's Best Hospitals for Diabetes & Endocrinology, ranking us #36 in the country and as one of the top 3 in Florida.