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Type 2 Diabetes Information

Type 2 diabetes, also known as noninsulin dependent or adult-onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes and most often affects adults. In individuals without diabetes, the pancreas secretes insulin–a hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells to produce energy–in response to the body’s blood sugar level. As blood sugar levels drop, so does insulin secretion. However, the bodies of those with diabetes either resist the effects of insulin or do not produce enough insulin, which can lead to high blood sugar levels. 

Although Type 2 diabetes is not a curable disease, if it is managed properly, patients diagnosed with this disease can live full, healthy lives. However, it is important for people who suspect they may have diabetes to seek a diagnosis as soon as possible. If diabetes is left untreated, there are a number of serious health complications that can develop, including:

  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Eye damage
  • Hearing loss
  • Vision loss
  • Foot damage
  • Bacterial and fungal skin conditions

Tampa General Hospital physicians can diagnose and treat all types of diabetes. A multispecialty team of physicians, endocrinologists, and other specialists work together to determine what combination of diet, exercise, and medication will best alleviate a person’s type 2 diabetes symptoms and reduce the likelihood of long-term complications. For our commitment to outstanding patient care, we have been named one of America’s Best Hospitals for Diabetes & Endocrinology–one of the top 3 in Florida and #36 in the US–by U.S. News & World Report in 2020-2021. To find a physician to treat your diabetes, click here.