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Diabetes Mellitus Information

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that results in elevated levels of sugar in the blood. Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include extreme thirst, frequent urination, unintended weight loss or gain, blurred vision, difficulty concentrating, increased hunger, fatigue, weakness, as well as irritability and other mood changes.

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes –Also known as juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes, this is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Typically, people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed before the age of 20. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow glucose (sugar) to enter cells to produce energy. This condition has no cure, but can be managed with proper treatment. Since symptoms can mimic the flu, it is crucial people with this disease are properly diagnosed. Untreated hyperglycemia can lead to a condition called ketoacidosis (diabetic coma) and could be life-threatening. If people with this condition do not keep it managed, in time they could develop serious conditions including diabetic retinopathy, kidney damage, nerve damage, and poor blood circulation.
  • Type 2 diabetes – Also known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, this is the most common form of diabetes. With this condition, the body either resists the effects of insulin or does not produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood sugar level. This is most common in adults and though there is no cure, it can be managed by eating well, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and possibly taking medication prescribed by a physician.
  • Gestational diabetes – This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy (gestation), usually around the 24th week. This condition typically has no symptoms and is only diagnosed after a plasma glucose test. A woman’s blood sugar level usually returns to normal soon after the delivery of the baby. However, her risk of developing type 2 diabetes will be greater.

At Tampa General Hospital, we treat all types of diabetes and other endocrine disorders. Our team includes physicians, endocrinologists, and other medical professionals who are highly trained and experienced in diagnosing and managing these diseases. In fact, we are recognized by U.S. News & World Report as one of the nation's best hospitals and highest ranked in Florida for Diabetes & Endocrinology in 2021-2022. Our comprehensive approach to treatment can help diabetic patients live long and healthy lives. 

For information about diabetes self-management, click here.