Rectum Cancer Causes

There are no definitive rectum cancer causes, although scientists have identified several risk factors that seem to increase a person’s chance of developing this malignancy. It should be noted that although there may be some correlation between certain risk factors and developing rectum cancer, the strength of these links is unknown. It is often hard to know exactly how a certain risk factor might have contributed to the development of cancer.

There are several lifestyle choices and other causes linked to rectum cancer. These are:

  • Obesity – Carrying excess weight can contribute to the development of rectal cancer. There is a correlation seen in both men and women, but the link seems to be stronger in men.
  • Smoking – Long-term smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop colorectal cancer.
  • Alcohol abuse – Colorectal cancer has been linked to the excessive use of alcohol.
  • Age – According to the American Cancer Society, approximately nine out of 10 people diagnosed with colorectal cancer are at least 50 years of age.
  • Personal medical history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) – People diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease have an increased chance of developing colorectal cancer.

At Tampa General Hospital, we have the ability to treat all types of rectum cancer, no matter the causes that may have contributed to the diagnoses. Our colorectal oncology program team, which includes physicians, radiologists, surgeons, and other cancer specialists, utilizes start-of-the-art treatments and works together to formulate treatment plans that meet the individual needs for each of our patients. 

For a physician referral or to schedule an appointment, please call (813) 844-2200.