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Understanding Blood Disorder Symptoms

Physician taking patient's blood pressure Blood disorder symptoms vary based on the condition causing them. Because disorders and diseases of the blood can impact the organs, symptoms can actually manifest in any area of the body. In most cases, symptoms are directly caused by a decrease in the functionality or a fluctuation in the number of one or more components of the blood. Here are a few examples of how changes in the blood can produce various symptoms and indicate an underlying disorder:
  • A decrease in healthy red blood cells or reduced hemoglobin (known as anemia) can lead to overall weakness and shortness of breath. This occurs because the blood isn’t carrying sufficient oxygen to the tissues of the body. Anemia can be caused by a chronic disease, infection, a diet lacking in certain nutrients, or other causes.
  • A decrease in blood clotting factors or platelets (called thrombocytopenia) can reduce the blood’s ability to clot properly, causing excessive bleeding or bruising. These conditions can result from genetically inherited disorders like hemophilia and von Willebrand disease, as well as viral infections, chemotherapy, leukemia, and other causes.
  • An unusually low count of healthy white blood cells and immune system proteins can lead to persistent infections, as well as the symptoms that accompany them, like recurring fevers. The decrease of these blood components may be due to anemia, leukemia, contagious diseases, or other factors.

In order to properly diagnose the origin of changes in the blood components – and to treat both the causes and the symptoms of a particular blood disorder – it’s important to have an experienced team provide an evaluation. At Tampa General Hospital, our hematology/oncology patients are tended to by a dedicated, interdisciplinary staff of physicians and blood disease specialists that handles everything from scheduling blood exchanges at our infusion center to providing interventional radiology services.

If you are experiencing the symptoms of a blood disease - or disorder and would like to make an appointment at TGH’s Hematology/Oncology Clinic, please call (813) 844-8757. We schedule appointments from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., from Monday through Friday.