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Types of Gynecologic Cancers

Types of Gynecologic CancerGynecologic cancers affect the female reproductive system. At Tampa General Hospital, we diagnose and treat these types of cancers, which include:

Cervical Cancer

This cancer forms in the cells of the cervix, a donut-shaped structure at the end of the uterus. Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a main risk factor of cervical cancer. Both HPV and the potential for cervical cancer can be detected at an early stage with regular checkups.

Uterine Cancers

Endometrial Cancer

This cancer forms in the uterus, the muscular, hollow organ in which a fetus grows. More specifically, cancerous cells affect the tissues of the endometrium, which is the innermost layer of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer and is often detected early because of the abnormal vaginal bleeding that occurs.

Uterine Sarcoma

This rare, aggressive type of endometrial cancer forms in the muscular walls or supporting tissues of the uterus.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer affects the ovaries, the female reproductive glands. This cancer is known as the “silent killer” because it is not usually diagnosed until its advanced stages when the prognosis is poor. Primary peritoneal cancer is a related cancer.

Vaginal Cancer

This cancer forms in cells of the vagina, or the canal that leads from the cervix to outside the body. Vaginal caner is rare and typically occurs in women who are 60 or older.

Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer forms in the cells of the vulva, or the outer skin that surrounds the vagina and urethra. A lump or sore typically forms on the vulva that causes itching.

Fallopian Tube Cancer

This cancer arises in the fallopian tubes or ducts that connect the ovaries to the uterus. It is also known as tubal cancer and is very rare.

In addition to these types of gynecologic cancers, we also treat:

  • Genital human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Post-menstrual bleeding
  • Pre-invasive diseases of the vulva, vagina and cervix
  • Genetic-linked diseases, including BRCA/Lynch Syndrome
  • Placenta accreta 

World-Class Cancer Care at Tampa General Hospital

The gynecology oncology team at Tampa General Hospital is multidisciplinary one that provides world-class cancer care to patients. We create treatment plans that cater specifically to each patient, their condition and their unique needs. Our approach to care is truly comprehensive and includes genetic counseling, palliative medicine and technologically advanced treatment options such as hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). In partnership with other renowned academic centers across the country, we consistently run clinical trials and publish results that help shape the gynecological cancer treatment landscape.

To learn more about the gynecology oncology program at TGH, contact us at (813) 844-7585 to schedule an appointment. Appointments are available Monday through Friday, from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.