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Esophageal Cancer Information

Esophageal cancer develops in the esophagus, the hollow, layered tube that connects the throat with the stomach. Typically, cancer of the esophagus will develop in the innermost layer, known as the mucosa, and grow outward. Depending on the severity of the cancer, a variety of symptoms and complications can arise which may include, but are not limited to, heartburn, bleeding in the esophagus, intense pain, and loss of appetite.

Though other rare forms of esophageal cancer, such as lymphomas and sarcomas, have also been reported, the most common forms of this cancer include:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma – This type of cancer, which can occur anywhere along the esophagus, develops in the squamous cells that typically line the esophagus.
  • Adenocarcinoma – In some patients with chronic acid reflux, the squamous cells in the esophagus may change into gland cells. Over time, these cells may become more irregular, leading to an adenocarcinoma, typically in the lower esophagus.

Tampa General Hospital ENT specialists range from surgeons to radiation oncologists who have expertise treating all forms of esophageal cancer and other cancers that affect the head and neck. For each patient, we develop a treatment plan that is tailored to his or her unique condition and circumstances, thereby maximizing the likelihood of a successful outcome. 

For a physician referral, please use our PhysicianFinder tool or call 813-844-7585.